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Singapore or the Republic of Singapore often referred to as the Lion City is an island country in south-east Asia. In fact, it is not a single island but consists of one main island and 62 small islets. Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub. It is the most technology-ready and competitive country. It has made its mark globally in terms of development and every other aspect.

The growth of population in Singapore was for a long period fuelled by immigration, starting soon after Stamford Raffles landed in Singapore in 1819, when the population of the island was estimated to be around 1,000. Current population is about 5.6 million out of which about 2 million are non-residents. This is why Singapore is a multi cultural country.


Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate with a uniform temperature and pressure throughout the year. The place is quite humid with abundant rainfall. This accounts for the greenery and vast natural reserves. Monsoon season lasts from November to January being wetter than usual. The country experiences haze caused by bush fires from the neighbouring country Indonesia. The temperature usually is warm and varies from 22 to 35 degree Celsius. Overall the climate is welcoming for leisure and business travellers.


Singapore has abundant parks, natural reserves, tropical and lush greenery and varied flora and fauna. The majority however, is of the fauna rather than flora. There are about 80 different species of mammals, wide variety of migrating and resident birds and a relatively large number of reptiles. Several species of vascular plants are also found here. Due to fast growing urbanization, most of the natural abundance is now limited to parks and natural reserves.


In the past few years Singapore has made a tremendous growth in economy and has surpassed its peers in terms of GDP. The living standards of the people has increased to a large extent and most of the residents are owners of their residences. Singapore is highly developed and an important market economy. It is the most innovative, competitive, dynamic and business-friendly nation. It has been the easiest nation to do business with over the past few decades. The currency of the nation is Singapore Dollar (SGD). Singapore is also corruption free and has a highly skilled workforce. It has the highest percentage of millionaires in the world and is doing extremely well in all sectors.

Key Industries

Singapore is the industry hub. It has a lead in several economic sectors like finance, foreign exchange, oil-refining, casino-gambling, logistics and ship repairs. It is the largest oil-rig producer and is the top contributor in manufacturing, chemicals, biomedical sciences, mechanical engineering and more. It also largely deals in the banking sector, telecoms and transportation. Singapore is an education hub with a large amount of migrants coming in and settling for studies and jobs.


Despite its small size, Singapore has a diversity of languages, religions, and cultures. Even though English is the first language of the nation, according to the 2010 census, 20% of Singaporeans are illiterate in English. This is however an improvement from 1990, when 40% of Singaporeans were illiterate in English. Each Singaporean's behaviours and attitudes are influenced by, among other things, his or her home language and his religion. Singaporeans who speak English as their native language tend to lean toward Western culture, while those who speak Chinese as their native language tend to lean toward Chinese culture and Confucianism. Malay-speaking Singaporeans tend to lean toward Malay culture, which itself is closely linked to Islamic culture. The national flower of Singapore is the hybrid orchid, Vanda 'Miss Joaquim', named in memory of a Singapore-born Armenian woman, who crossbred the flower in her garden at Tanjong Pagar in 1893.Many national symbols such as the Coat of arms of Singapore and the Lion head symbol of Singapore make use of the lion, as Singapore is known as the Lion City. Major religious festivals are public holidays. Singapore has a reputation as a nanny state. However, the government places heavy emphasis on meritocracy, where one is judged based on one's ability.