About Canada

Canada is a land brimming with breathtaking scenery, rich cultural heritage and abundant wildlife.

Whether you want to paddle a sea kayak among beluga whales, travel by horseback into the high country, stay in a First Nations tipi, spot Polar bears on your Arctic cruise or simply relax on the deck of your lodge overlooking a lake in the Rockies, there is a unique experience just waiting for you.

Population

Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, Queen Elizabeth II being the current head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries, with a population of approximately 35 million as of 2015.

Climate

The average maximum/minimum temperatures of Canada of various cities across Canada, based on the climate period from 1981-2010 for the months of January and July (generally the lowest/highest average temperature months, but not in all cases).The major Canadian city that falls outside the continental climate schema is Vancouver, which experiences an oceanic climate with a marked summer dry season. Of the eight largest Canadian cities, Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto have the warmest summers, Winnipeg the coldest winters, with Vancouver's winters are far milder than any other large city in Canada.Central and north Canada experiences subarctic and arctic climates, much of them arid. Those areas are not heavily populated due to the severe climate, where it does exceed -20° C on most winter days and has a very brief summer season.

Wildlife

Canada lies within the fifteen terrestrial and five marine ecozones. The largest marine ecozone is the Arctic Archipelago whereas the terrestrial ecozone is the Boreal Shield. The main biomes of Canada are tundra, boreal forest, mixed forest, broadleaf forest, prairies, Rocky Mountains, and temperate coniferous forests which hosts significant biodiversity.

Economy

Canada has the eleventh (nominal) or 14th-largest (PPP) economy in the world (measured in US dollars at market exchange rates), is one of the world's wealthiest nations, and is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Group of Seven (G7). As with other developed nations, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs about three quarters of Canadians. Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the primary sector, with the logging and oil industries being two of Canada's most important. Canada also has a sizable manufacturing sector, based in Central Canada, with the automobile industry and aircraft industry being especially important. With a long coastal line, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing and seafood industry in the world. Canada is one of the global leaders of the entertainment software industry.

Key Industries

Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the primary sector, with the logging and oil industries being two of Canada's most important. Canada also has a sizable manufacturing sector, based in Central Canada, with the automobile industry and aircraft industry being especially important. With a long coastal line, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing and seafood industry in the world. Canada is one of the global leaders of the entertainment software industry.

Agricultural Products

Canada is the 5th largest agricultural exporter in the world, and the agriculture and agri-food industry employs 2.1 million Canadians (that's 1 in 8 jobs). Canada produces about 85% of the world's maple syrup, and is world’s largest producer and exporter of flax seed, canola, pulses and durum wheat.

Export Commodities

Motor Vehicles and parts, Industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunication equipment, chemicals, plastics, fertilizers, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum, maple syrup.

Import Commodities

Machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods.